Energy Meter PCB
Venture Energy meter PCB is commonly used for three-phase electrical power network energy measurements. These can be used in utility, industrial, and residential applications.
Our Energy meter PCB can directly measure energy in 4-wire networks in line with the principles of fast sampling current signals and voltage.
Your Leading Energy meter PCB Design Supplier in China
Venture can provide you Energy meter PCB assembly and manufacturing services. We are a professional manufacturer of Energy meter PCB in China for more than 10 years. We can offer you a full Energy meter PCB manufacturing with the highest quality control.
We manufacture Energy meter PCB with built-in active/reactive/apparent microprocessor power and energy. It is also equipped with frequency, power angle, power factor, and current-voltage for total sum and each phase.
Your Best Energy meter PCB Manufacturer
Venture Energy meter PCB is one of the industry-leading PCBs. Therefore, you can assure that our Energy meter PCB is high-quality. That is why more customers, especially engineers trusted Venture as their top supplier of Energy meter PCB.
From material development, production, and Energy meter PCB fabrication to final assembly, you can always trust Venture! We can rapidly customize or fabricate your Energy meter PCB orders!
If you are interested in our Energy meter PCB, feel free to contact us!
Why Choose Venture Energy Meter PCB
Venture can provide you all types of Energy meter PCB according to your technical parameter. We offer three-phase or single-phase Energy meter PCB manufactured with a reference voltage and current specification according to your requirements.
Energy meter PCB is specifically designed for measuring reactive energy and active energy in a three-phase and single-phase current alternating power grids through connecting up the resident power supply system.
PCB & Assembly Catalog
Download the FREE PCB & Assembly Catalog online today! Venture will be your best partner on the way of bring your idea to market.
Energy Meter PCB: The Ultimate FAQ Guide
If you have any question about energy meter PCB, you will find the answer right here.
This guide covers everything about energy meter PCBs such as features, testing criteria, causes of failure, form factor and assembly process, just to mention a few.
Keep reading if you want to be an expert in energy meter PCB.
- What is the Energy Meter PCB?
- What Are the Components of Energy Meter PCB?
- Can you use Microcontrollers on Energy Meter PCBs?
- How do you Test Energy Meter PCB?
- Can Energy Meter PCB Resist High-Frequency Fields?
- What Causes Failure of Energy Meter PCB during Testing?
- Is Mutual Inductance on Energy Meter PCB?
- How does Mutual Capacitance Manifest on Energy Meter PCB?
- What is the Best Material for Energy Meter PCB?
- Does Air-tight Enclosure for Energy Meter PCB Mitigate ESD Effects?
- What Mitigation can you use to Curb EMI on your Energy Meter PCB?
- What Influences Effectiveness of Shield in Energy Meter PCB?
- How is the Form Factor of an Energy Meter PCB Important?
- What Guides Placement of Components and other Elements on Energy Meter PCB?
- What are the Layouts available for Energy Meter PCB?
- What is the Crystal Layout in Energy Meter PCB?
- How do you Achieve Effective LCD Layout for your Energy Meter PCB?
- How do you Employ Analogue Layout for Energy Meter PCB?
- How do you Suppress Noise in Power Supply of Energy Meter PCB?
- What are the Surface Finishing available for Energy Meter PCB?
- What Rules Guide the Grounding Process in Energy Meter PCBs?
- Which Capacitor Types are use on Energy Meter PCB?
- How Does Filter Work on Energy Meter PCB?
- How do you Assemble Energy Meter PCB?
What is the Energy Meter PCB?
You employ energy meters in measuring the energy levels of an electrical network drawing three-phase power.
You find the use of such meters in various areas of application such as industries and households.
The energy meter PCB is a circuit board that controls the electrical functions of an energy meter.
You find this PCB uses various electrical principles such as current-voltage regulation in electrical networks with four wires.
Additionally, you find a microprocessor on the board that controls diverse parameters such as the power factor and board frequency.
Energy meter control board
What Are the Components of Energy Meter PCB?
You will find several electrical PCB components attached to an energy meter printed circuit board.
Each component has a functional value whose contribution to the operation of the energy meter is critical.
Some of the components you will find on an energy meter PCB include:
- The capacitor: You employ the capacitor for charge storage.
- The step-down transformer: You find it essential in outputting low voltage values from a considerable voltage input.
- The transistor: You find this component useful in switching applications.
- The voltage regulator: You can employ this component in sustaining stable voltage values for your application ensuring reliability.
- The transducer: You employ the transducer in current conversion to voltage values.
Can you use Microcontrollers on Energy Meter PCBs?
You will find some noise presence on an energy meter PCB, which interferes with the meter’s eventual reading.
Therefore, you need to put measures on your board that will hamper noise development, especially when subjected to electromagnetic fields.
To address the noise issue on a board, you can employ microcontrollers after carrying out board tests.
You use these microcontrollers to curb noise development on the board and consequently prevent meter misreading.
Energy meter boards can derive power from single-phase or three-phase sources.
You will therefore find microcontrollers used on energy meter PCBs compatible with both energy sources.
Using microcontrollers allows you to prevent adverse effects on the board from electrostatic discharge.
Additionally, you also achieve protection from noise tampering when used in high-frequency applications.
How do you Test Energy Meter PCB?
There are several tests you can carry to test your energy meter PCB’s characteristics.
You find the tests provided are in line with the standards set for energy meter PCBs.
· Fast Transient Burst Test
This test helps you determine the effect of high voltage values on your energy meter PCB.
Of specific concern when you carry out this test is the voltage caused by switching processes.
Here, you apply an uninterrupted voltage flow to your energy meter PCB of about 4kV.
Your energy meter PCB should be on in this instance.
Additionally, the voltage value you use should be similar to that of the energy meter PCB’s reference voltage.
When you carry out this test, you subject the energy meter board to the continuous impulse for a full minute.
· Insulation Test for AC Voltage
You subject the energy meter PCB to determine its insulation property.
You can carry this test in two ways depending on the voltage amount used.
You can employ an AC voltage of two or four kilovolts on the PCB’s terminals.
In both cases, you apply the voltage to both the current and ground supply.
· Testing for Insusceptibility to ESD Discharge
When testing your energy meter PCB’s invulnerability to electrostatic discharge, you employ a multiple model approach.
You subject the board to ESD sources models such as the human body, power ESD, and a charge implement.
For this test model kit, you supply an uninterrupted impulse of a high voltage value with two distinct discharge values.
You have the contact discharge amounting to eight kilovolts and the air discharge, whose value is about fifteen kilovolts.
· Impulse Voltage Test
You use the impulse voltage test to determine the effect of a sudden jolt on your energy meter PCB.
You find this test illustrative of what would happen when lighting struck your energy meter PCB’s input source.
In an impulsive voltage test, you apply positive and negative pulses to your energy meter PCB.
You usually subject the energy meter PCB to ten positive pulses before undertaking ten more negative pulses.
Your impulse voltage value will typically be 6kV with a pulse interval of not less than three seconds.
Can Energy Meter PCB Resist High-Frequency Fields?
You can determine the level of vulnerability of an energy meter PCB by subjecting it to high-frequency fields.
You can use special generators to create the high-frequency field.
Where the energy meter PCB is overwhelmed by the HF field, you notice delayed board responses to basic commands.
A good energy meter PCB should withstand any form of interference from a high-frequency source.
You can determine an energy meter PCB’s capacity to tolerate high-frequency electromagnetic fields by establishing two immunities.
You have conducted immunity and radiated immunity concerns to address for your energy meter PCB.
· Conducted Immunity
In this test, you highlight the board’s response from HF fields that encroach to the board via a conductive route.
You find power transmission lines and specific communication inlets to be sources of such interference.
Conducted interference is typically a low-frequency occurrence with a range of values between 150 KHz and 30 MHz.
· Radiated Immunity
Here, you find the disruptive high-frequency field originates from radiation.
You observe the frequency interference is propagated via the air without direct contact.
However, you find these disruptive signals possess electromagnetic properties that interact with the energy meter board’s signals.
You will observe this kind of interference in high-frequency applications with frequency values between 30 MHz and 1GHz.
What Causes Failure of Energy Meter PCB during Testing?
You find the failure of an energy meter PCB to be a common occurrence during testing.
Some of the factors contributing to this failure are:
- Mutual inductance and capacitance
- The effect of an antenna
- The high impedance is observed in the path of returning currents.
You need to ensure your energy meter PCB design is such that it reduces the effects of coupling.
It is also essential to have an antenna connection with reduced effects and a return pathway for current with low resistance.
You note the pathways for return current is central to the electromagnetic characteristic of the energy meter board.
Consequently, it affects the overall performance of the circuit board and its area of application.
Is Mutual Inductance on Energy Meter PCB?
You observe mutual inductance where two conductive winds with magnetic fields are closely bundled.
Mutual inductance is exhibited when the interaction of a conductive wind’s magnetic field causes a voltage production in the other.
You find mutual inductance to occur on energy meter PCBs due to the presence of close conductive traces.
When current flows through the traces, an electromagnetic field is built around each conductive path.
You note that the electromagnetic fields interact, resulting in a voltage generation due to the magnetic fields created.
The value of the generated voltage and, consequently, inductance is dependent on trace properties such as length and width.
When not managed, you will find mutual inductance affecting your energy meter board performance.
You note that it alters the signals on your board, resulting in erroneous readings.
How does Mutual Capacitance Manifest on Energy Meter PCB?
Mutual capacitance is a phenomenon you observe between a pair of conductors or charge-carrying features.
You find mutual capacitance can be incorporated into a design or occur inadvertently.
For instance, you can observe mutual capacitance on an energy meter PCB influenced by the conductive traces.
In this regard, the traces, especially when compactly packed, feature as he plates to the capacitor.
Since the plates are not in contact, the air between the traces usually takes the dielectric role.
Accordingly, when current passes through the conductive traces, the mutual capacitance created causes noise generation.
You find the cross-sectional area of the energy meter PCB traces influences the mutual capacitance observed.
Furthermore, the dielectric constant of the material between the traces and the distance between significantly influences the mutual capacitance.
What is the Best Material for Energy Meter PCB?
When fabricating the energy meter PCB, the choice of material is critical for your application’s success.
The common board areas requiring you to make a material selection are the conductive and isolation layers.
Various factors will guide your choice of material for the energy meter PCB.
You find the cost of obtaining a particular material and the desired thermal properties to be common factors.
For the conductive layer of your energy meter PCB, you find copper to be commonly employed.
Copper has good electrical and thermal conductivity while being a much cheaper option than other conductors such as silver.
For the isolation layer, you can adequately employ FR-4 material with satisfactory performance outcomes.
FR-4 has good dielectric properties with low conductivity providing you a suitable option for separating or cushioning the conductive layers.
Does Air-tight Enclosure for Energy Meter PCB Mitigate ESD Effects?
To fabricate an energy meter PCB with stable performance, you need to include several unique designs.
With such a system, you ensure your energy meter PCB can withstand electromagnetic interference.
Using an air-tight enclosure for your energy meter PCB is one way of addressing the effects of electrostatic discharge.
You find an air-tight enclosure is useful in shielding your board from sources that can radiate ESD.
You can prevent the development of ESD and noise interference to your energy meter PCB by eliminating slits in your design.
Additionally, doing away with wire extensions on your enclosure limits the antenna effect that introduces noise interference.
You also find connecting your enclosure to a ground path goes a long way in ensuring limited ESD occurrence.
You find external static charges can instigate ESD on the external surface.
What Mitigation can you use to Curb EMI on your Energy Meter PCB?
You identify electromagnetic interference on your energy meter PCB by the development of noises.
Noise is an undesired characteristic on the circuit board, which you can address by modifying your design elements.
Where you have antennas connected to your energy meter PCB, you can harness the wires to shield them.
Furthermore, you can also employ a separate path for current adjacent to an input signal path.
When using an enclosure, you should allow some space between the energy meter PCB border and the enclosure.
This way, you find static charges formed on the external surface cannot influence an electric field’s formation.
Sometimes the enclosure is conductive; you can use insulating material as a buffer between the enclosure and the PCB.
Furthermore, your energy meter PCB components should not be substantial and close to the internal enclosure surface.
You can also use shielding as a measure to contain your energy meter PCB’s electromagnetic aspect.
Here, you prevent the entry or dissemination of noise via radiation from external and internal sources, respectively.
What Influences Effectiveness of Shield in Energy Meter PCB?
When you use shielding, you enhance your energy meter PCB’s insusceptibility to radiated signal interferences.
You find shielding especially useful on energy meter boards used in high-frequency applications and components transacting radiofrequency signals.
When using shielding, you note the following factors affect its efficacy:
- The shielding type you employ.
- The material properties of your shield.
- Aspects to do with your shield’s grounding.
- The source of the radiated interference and the design of the PCB.
How is the Form Factor of an Energy Meter PCB Important?
When designing the energy meter PCB, you need to give thought to various features that determine your board’s EMI standing.
You need to include and address both external and internal sources of interference in your design work.
The form factor of your energy meter PCB is critical in influencing your board’s electromagnetic compatibility status.
To settle on a specific form factor, you need to examine its practicability on various board aspects such as routing and population.
The PCB area you work with needs to be adequate for an effective grounding system, current return line, and shielding.
Additionally, you should preclude intrusions onto the board’s surface in the manner of cuts and scratches, for instance.
What Guides Placement of Components and other Elements on Energy Meter PCB?
Components on energy meter PCB
Placement refers to the positioning of board components and features on the circuit board surface.
You have to zone out your board, highlighting potential electromagnetic interference areas as emitters or targets during placement.
You note that circuit board connectors for input and output purposes are liable to produce electromagnetic fields and electrostatic discharges.
Also, you find these connectors propagate noise from external sources to particularly d3leicate parts of the energy meter PCB.
Besides, you can address the connectors’ susceptibility by providing a ground connection.
The ground connection can be furnished within the pin count for the input and output ports.
You have to position susceptible elements in isolation with the other circuit board populates.
For instance, the on-board power distribution and controller need to be positioned at some distance from the traces.
Power board distribution
In this regard, you have to position delicate circuitry at the energy meter circuit board’s center region.
With this position, you notice their distant location from the board periphery and reduce vulnerability to external noise.
Additionally, you are required to segregate your board surface when using both analog and digital components.
Moreover, separation is equally desired for areas with high-speed connections and power sources.
When positioning these features, you need to also ensure that each feature has an independent current return path.
The return path should be the shortest route whose location is along the signal traceroute or below it.
What are the Layouts available for Energy Meter PCB?
You note that the layout of an energy meter PCB can influence its electromagnetic behavior.
Furthermore, with continued miniaturization, PCB layouts are desired in smaller sizes, resulting in multilayer boards’ fabrication.
Standard layouts you can employ for your energy meter board are:
- Crystal Layout
- Liquid Crystal Display Layout
- Analog Layout
What is the Crystal Layout in Energy Meter PCB?
You find the crystal is the center of the entire energy meter PCB clock control, making it an important aspect.
A crystal layout PCB has signals with low amplitude and therefore vulnerable to noise interference and electrostatic discharge.
You will observe a dampening of the crystal oscillation resulting in inadequate performance where interference is allowed.
When designing the crystal layout for your board, there are specific guidelines to follow.
You need to have the crystal and controller positioned adjacent to each other.
Additionally, the connecting traces should have a reduced form in length and width to prevent noise interference.
You should furnish a grounding wire for the crystal beneath it while providing a connection with the controller’s ground wire.
You need to space the crystal and its related features, such as its traces and additional electrical paths.
A sufficient distance you can use between the features is about thirty mils.
How do you Achieve Effective LCD Layout for your Energy Meter PCB?
When you employ an LCD layout for your energy meter PCB, you put your board at risk of electromagnetic interference.
You find an LCD layout develops capacitance while also resulting in the recording of unintended voltage readings.
However, you find the voltage readings differ from the back and front planes.
Subsequently, you notice that the system becomes vulnerable to noise interference leading to an inconsistency in the outcome.
You can achieve an LCD layout with desirable outcomes by implementing the following guide:
- You have to use short traces for your LCD connections, ensuring they run in straight lines where necessary.
You reduce the undesired effects of interacting unwanted fields caused by the transmission lines.
- When you lay the traces parallel to each other, you increase their overall trace length. Thus, they act as transmission lines contributing to an inconsistency in characteristic impedance, which occasions noise generation.
- You can inhibit transmission lines and noise generation by attaching resistance to the traces in series.
- Another useful measure is for you to employ protective traces along those of the LCD. You find this formation grounds the generated noise by coupling effect.
- Furthermore, you can use an LCD trace spacing double the trace width instead of this measure.
How do you Employ Analogue Layout for Energy Meter PCB?
You find the contribution of an analog layout to your energy meter PCB’s accuracy critical.
Also, you will find signals with low amplitudes with an analog layout causing them to be prone to noise interference.
You can achieve a practical analog layout that deters signals from outside sources from coupling with inherent signals.
Approaches to help you come up with a successful analog layout for your energy meter PCB include:
- Due to analog signals’ delicate nature, you undertake a routing procedure that separates it from digital signals.
- You have to furnish the signal with an unbroken grounding system across the length of the signal delivery.
- You have to provide appropriate space accommodations for the analog traces amounting to about double the trace width.
- When carrying out the routing procedure, you have to use the least length possible for the traces.
Additionally, other surplus features of the traces, such as turns, junctions, and vias, should be minimized.
- You can also use shielding traces alongside the signal traces to cancel out noise generation through a differential coupling.
When using differential traces alongside the analog traces, the space between the features shouldn’t exceed a single trace width.
- You can employ a different grounding mechanism for your signal pairings to enhance the noise-canceling effect.
How do you Suppress Noise in Power Supply of Energy Meter PCB?
Energy meter circuit diagram
You employ analog signal transmission for your energy meter circuit board’s power supply system, making it significant.
Therefore, when noise develops in the supply system, you are potentially faced with a performance failure.
You need to mitigate noise in the power supply unit by a filtering process or circuit decoupling.
Electrostatic discharges can seep through the power input source when tampered paralyzing the board.
You can suppress the noise through:
You filter the noise, making way into the energy meter PCB’s power supply unit in this process.
Here, you endeavor to block out generated noise and transients from heading into the power supply.
You can use different components that are electrical to filter out noises and transients.
You can use special diodes such as the Zener diode and the transient voltage suppressor diode.
You execute decoupling at loads for the generated noises, which, due to switching, are typically present on the rails.
Therefore, you find decoupling compliments the filtering process, which is restricted to the power supply system.
Consequently, you need to employ special capacitors (decoupling and bypass) to mitigate mitigation in your supply unit.
You find these capacitors useful in averting the entry of HF transients, ensuring the supply of filtered and continuous power.
What are the Surface Finishing available for Energy Meter PCB?
You employ surface finishing to protect your conductive trace from the adverse effects of corrosion.
Furthermore, by using surface finishing, you improve the solderability of your energy meter PCB.
Surface finish options
When considering a surface finish, various factors come to mind, such as your component types, cost, and durability.
Additionally, you currently find environmental concern to be a significant focus in the choice of surface finish.
Standard surface finishes you can use on your energy meter PCB are:
· Hot Air Solder Levelling (HASL)
You find this type of finish to employ solder material whose composition is usually tin and lead.
You can find variants of this finish without the lead element due to environmental and health concerns.
· Immersion Tin/ Immersion Silver
With this surface finish, you deposit tin or silver over your PCB’s copper circuitry through an immersion process.
· Electroless Nickel Immersion Gold
You achieve a two-part finish with this finishing procedure by first electrolessly depositing nickel on the surface.
However, nickel is easily oxidized, and a gold layer over it by the immersion process protects the underlying surface.
What Rules Guide the Grounding Process in Energy Meter PCBs?
When designing a PCB, you need to include a grounding system for delicate signals.
It is of great concern to avoid incisions on the board close to these signals.
When you use an extended path for your return signal, you notice a more extensive winding formation.
You find the susceptibility of this winding to an external magnetic field increases as a result.
When working on a grounding system, you find these rules appropriate:
- Where you have no distinct ground planes on your PCB, you have to fashion a ground with each layer.
- You are required to furnish a single ground for the analog and digital aspects of your board.
However, the board location of the analog and digital sections should be kept separate.
- You find this arrangement ensures that there’s no signal interference from the digital end to the analog end.
- You can install grounds in the layers and provide interlayer via connections where you have a multilayer configuration.
- You need extra care when positioning a ground adjacent to a signal plane to safeguard the initial characteristic impedance.
You find impedance mismatch when you employ a ground alongside the signal paths, resulting in interference.
Which Capacitor Types are use on Energy Meter PCB?
Capacitors are an essential component of an energy meter PCB.
The selection of your capacitors is significant in determining the level of electromagnetic interference on your board.
You can employ the following capacitors on your energy meter PCB:
· Bulk Capacitor
You use the bulk capacitor to shift noise generated by AC input and avert high transients’ entry.
You position these capacitors close to the regulator for voltage, and they assume a storage role for the load’s reserve power.
The value of your bulk capacitor should be subject to the frequency of the setup.
Also, you can employ bulk capacitors with a capacitance value of between ten and a hundred microfarad.
· Decoupling Capacitor
You find noise generated on the board due to active switching from elements and other devices at high frequency.
Besides, you use decoupling capacitors to remove this noise and deter it from making its way to the path of voltage.
You find decoupling capacitors are also useful in meeting the high current needs, albeit for limited periods, for active components.
You position these capacitors close to the active components to prevent mutual inductance by the conductive PCB trace.
How Does Filter Work on Energy Meter PCB?
Energy meter PCB
You note that you employ a filter to break off its impedance for a conductor with an active signal transfer.
When you employ a filter with a larger discontinuity capacity, you achieve a more considerable decrease in the signal strength.
You can use different types of filters for signal attenuation whose employment is influenced by electronic components’ nature.
Ordinary filters employed on the energy meter PCB are the R and L filters, the LC filter, and the RC.
Where the undesired signals have low-value impedance, you employ the R and L filters.
You use these filters to create a route of high-impedance in a series formation.
Sometimes you have a circuit with low impedance joined to one with high impedance.
You find this especially common for signals with low frequency, such as DC signals necessitating the use of an RC filter.
Alternately, you employ LC filters in mitigating the entrance of noise with high frequency into your board network.
Contrarily, the C filter allows you to intervene where the undesired signal has high impedance.
How do you Assemble Energy Meter PCB?
You note the assembly process of the energy meter PCB involves board population by affixing to the circuitry.
The following steps provide you an overview of the assembly process:
Before attaching components to the energy meter PCB, you mark out the board areas where the components will rest.
You can effectively work through this procedure by using a stencil to mark out areas where you apply solder paste.
Thereafter, you can position the components on their respective positions either manually or by using pick and place equipment.
Where both surfaces mounted, and through-hole mounted components are used, you begin with the former.
You can attach the surface-mounted components by carrying out a manual soldering process or employing a reflow process.
In the reflow process, the energy meter PCB is passed through a reflow oven, which initiates the solder melting.
After a surface mounting process, you need to inspect the board for errors or faults resulting from the attachment process.
You can manually inspect the board or employ automated approaches such as using x-ray examination.
The board insertion of through-hole components follows successful surface mounting.
You can use either manual or automated attachment of the components to the circuit board.
A final inspection process of the energy meter PCB follows to determine the integrity of the bond created.
You follow a successful inspection process by carrying out tests to determine your energy meter PCB’s functionality.
Depending on your unique requirements and specifications, Venture Electronics offers unlimited solution in the PCB fabrication industry.
Contact us now for all your energy meter PCB needs.