1w Led PCB

  • Over 10 years’ experience
  • Wide range of 1w Led PCB
  • Excellent customer service
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Venture 1w Led PCB

Venture is a famous PCB manufacturer and supplier in China engaged in supplying and manufacturing a comprehensive range of 1w Led PCB.

We are also providing 1w Led PCB Design Service. Venture 1w Led PCB range is precisely manufactured and designed using excellent grade raw material through our sophisticated technology.

Your Leading 1w Led PCB Supplier in China

Don’t go far from Venture if you are looking for the highest quality and affordable 1w Led PCB.

Venture has a wide range of 1w led PCB to satisfy your needs.

We have more than 10 years of experience in 1w led PCB manufacturing.

In fact, we are supplying Venture 1w led PCB to the top 500 companies across the world.

As a professional Led PCB manufacturer, our 1w led PCB is manufactured in our state-of-the-art manufacturing facility and excellent grade raw materials.

Venture can manufacture a wide range of 1w Led PCB based on a competitive price.

As with all power LEDs, these components must be mounted to the following:

  • appropriate heatsink
  • use thermal glue
  • thermal compound
  • powered by an appropriate constant current driver

Venture is an ISO 9001 certified company that offers the highest quality 1w led PCB.

We can provide you with co-design and co-engineering services, just-in-time consignment, prototyping, and limited series 1w led PCB.

Venture aims to provide quality 1w led PCB and as well as excellent services.

Venture 1w led PCB is recognized across the world.

Venture is indeed your professional one-stop 1w led PCB manufacturing solution.

For more information about our 1w led PCB, please don’t hesitate to contact us right away!

1W LED PCB: The Ultimate FAQ Guide

1W-LED-PCB-The-Ultimate-FAQ-Guide

This guide answers all your questions about 1W LED PCB.

Whether you want to learn about specification, features, properties, or applications – all information you’re looking for is right here.

So, keep reading to learn more.

What Is A 1W LED PCB?

1W LED PCB

1W LED PCB

These are electronic parts capable of generating greater illumination with low electricity consumption.

1W LED PCBs come in a variety of shapes, specifications, and sizes and are common since they give off more illumination with minimal consumption.

What Is The Configuration Of A 1W LED PCB?

Configurations of LED PCB

Configuration of LED PCB

A 1W LED PCB has two terminals just like other types of LED PCBs.

It has a positive terminal and a negative terminal.

The positive terminal is the anode and this pin connects to the positive end of the power source.

The negative terminal is the cathode and this pin will connect to the negative end of the power source.

What Are The Features Of A 1W LED PCB?

1W LED PCB

1W LED PCB

Here are the main features of 1W LED PCBs:

  • They are durable with long operating hours of up to 100000 hours
  • Also, they are available in various colors such as white, red, yellow, blue, green, etc.
  • They operate using low voltage direct current [DC]
  • Besides, they do not radiate any ultraviolet light
  • They are lead-free as they comply with the Restriction of Hazardous Substances [RoHS] quality standard
  • Also, they are fully dimmable and are suitable for PWM
  • 1W LED PCBs have a superior ESD protection
  • Also, they have a Lambertian radiation pattern
  • Lower Rth
  • They are more energy-efficient than incandescent lights and most halogens
  • Also, they produce the highest flux per LED
  • They produce a cool beam that is safe to the touch
  • Also, they produce light instantly, in less than 100 nanoseconds

What Are The Electrical Characteristics Of A 1W LED PCB?

1W LED PCBs have the following electrical traits:

  • They have a maximum power dissipation of 1 watt
  • Also, the maximum reverse voltage between the cathode and the anode is 5 volts
  • The operating temperature is between – 40 ºC to +80 ºC
  • These LED PCBs can operate for up to 100K hours
  • The voltage that you can apply between the cathode and anode is between 3 V to 3.5 V, while the standard operating voltage is 3.3 V
  • The current passing through the LED is between 300mA to 350mA with the maximum absolute forward current being 350mA.

What Is The Purpose Of Using 1W LED PCB?

Here are some cases to consider when you need to understand the purpose of 1W LED PCBs:

  • Luminous outputUsing a 1W LED PCB is suitable for applications that need a high light output within a small system.5mm LEDs offer a considerable light intensity but that does not meet conventional lighting needs.

    Besides, it will be troublesome when you consider stacking them up on one another.

  • Power handling1 watt LED PCBs have mounting facilities for heat sinks.This feature allows the 1W LED PCBs to dissipate heat and handle 1W power effectively.

    Besides, the standard 5mm LEDs do not come with heat sink mounting features, enabling them to burn out when the current exceeds the normal value.

  • Power saving1 watt LED PCBs have a high luminous output per watt than other conventional lighting systems such as incandescent lights.This feature means you will save a lot of power when you use lighting systems that have 1W LED PCBs.
  • Longer lifeWhen you manufacture lighting systems using 1 watt LED PCBs, they will last for longer than conventional lighting systems such as incandescent lights.
  • Health1 watt LED PCBs do not generate harmful ultraviolet rays, thus making these lights advantageous.

What Are The Applications Of A 1W LED PCB?

Flash light with 1w LED PCB

Flash light with 1W LED

There are several applications for 1W LED PCBs, and they include the following:

  • Fiber optics
  • Portable flashlights
  • Decorative purposes
  • Automotive tail lights
  • Reading lights like those found in cars, airplanes, and buses
  • Enter and exit signage
  • Cabinet and staircase lighting
  • Emergency lights
  • Solar lanterns
  • Orientations
  • Sign and channel letters
  • Cove lighting
  • Edge-lit sign
  • Architectural detail
  • Mini-accent

How Do You Use A 1W LED PCB?

1W LED PCBs have a high lumen output per watt efficacy and this makes them suitable for home lighting, office interior, and various appliances.

Anyone can easily implement and wire a 1W LED PCB as they have two terminals, a negative and positive terminal.

All you need to do is connect these two terminals in the right polarity to a 3.3-volt direct current [DC] source.

For optimal brightness, you should rate the DC source to around 1 ampere.

Besides, the voltage is not a fixed requirement as it may vary between 3 volts and 3.5 volts, but should not surpass 3.5 volts.

Also, you can obtain a DC source from the following:

  • Standard 3 volts and 1 ampere SMPS adapter units
  • 3 volts and 1 AH [ampere hour] batteries
  • A transformer power supply that is home built

However, you should take care of one thing when using 1W LED PCBs, that is, the current should not surpass 350mA.

This means the 1W LED PCB will operate effectively when the voltage is equal to or below 3.5 volts.

Therefore it means the DC source should contain built-in voltage regulators.

The voltage regulators will maintain a constant voltage between 3 volts and 3.5 volts.

Besides, there are instances you may have crude, unregulated power supply sources whose voltage surpass the 3.3-volt threshold.

In such a scenario, use calculated resistors in a series configuration with the 1W LED PCB to ensure it operated optimally.

What Colors Do 1W LED PCBs Come In?

1W LED PCB with different colors

1W LED PCB with different colors

These lights come in various colors such as:

  • Red 1W LED PCB
  • Blue 1W LED PCB
  • White 1W LED PCB
  • Yellow 1W LED PCB
  • Green 1W LED PCB

What Is The Purpose Of Heatsinks In 1W LED PCBs?

1W LED PCBs emit intense lights meaning they get extremely hot in a few seconds.

When the heat level exceeds 100 degrees Celsius, these devices will permanently get damaged.

This feature means you should fit heatsinks at the base of 1W LED PCBs to assist in dissipating the heat that these lights generate.

Instead of mounting heatsinks, you can opt for heatsink-based 1W LED PCBs to perform the same task.

Heat sink on LED PCB

Heat sink on LED PCB

Why Are 1W LED PCBs Popular?

1W LED PCBs are popular as they generate intense light with minimum power consumption, and are highly advanced than conventional lighting systems.

How Does A 1W LED PCB And 5mm LED Compare?

5mm LED

5mm LED

1W LED PCBs are similar to standard 5mm LEDs that are common in devices such as DVD players, television sets, music systems, etc.

The difference between 5mm LEDs and 1W LED PCBs lies in the current [Ampere] specification.

Standard 5mm LEDs, or even 3mm LEDs, need a current of about 10mA to30mA while a 1W LED PCB will need a current of about 300mA.

However, when you consider the voltage they require, it is fixed at about 3.3 V for both of them.

To produce a high-intensity beam of light, 1W LED PCBs require 3.3 volts with a current of about 300mA.

This light is very intense and may damage your eyes permanently, or partially blind you, when you look at them directly for a long duration.

How Does 1W SMD LED PCB And 1W COB LED PCB Compare?

1W COB LED PCB

1W COB LED PCB

Here is how these two compare:

  • 1W SMD LED PCB
    Surface Mounted Devices [SMD] are a new generation of lighting LEDs.
    Most of the LEDs contain SMD chips enabling the LED to be brighter than old generation LEDs.
    The 1W SMD LED is directly soldered on the printed circuit board meaning you require minimal space.
    Besides, SMDs also improve thermal connections on the PCBs.
  • 1W COB LED PCB
    Chip on Board [COB] is the recent advancement in LEDs that use chips containing several diodes, numbering 9 or more.
    Besides, COB technology has no casing thereby the light array of this LED will be dense than SMDs.
    Also, they emit consistent beams of light with no visible individual point of light hence offering superior optics.
    1W COB LED PCBs have more lumen per watt ratio than other technologies of LEDs like SMD or DIP.
    Besides, COB technology offers suitable conditions for optimal cooling which enhance the efficiency and longevity of the lamps.

What Are The Layers You Can Find In 1W LED PCB?

Mechanical Layer

1W LED PCBs contain many mechanical layers but you require one mechanical layer to assemble the board.

The mechanical layer will also outline the configuration of the printed circuit board.

Fabricators will cut the 1W LED PCB in the right size from the available stock materials.

Besides, it can come in various shapes such as round-cornered, rectangular, or other custom shapes.

Also, you will rarely add detail tooling specifications or other mechanical data on the mechanical layer.

Routing Layer

This layer forms the area where the parts will interconnect and designers will spend more time making this layer perfect.

Routing layers are available on the outer and inner layers of the 1W LED PCBs.

Keep-out Layer

This is the layer that shows the working area of the PCB design.

For instance, the keep-out layer may draw back the parts to half an inch from the mechanical layer.

Keep out layer identifies the area on the PCB not meant for mechanical, or other purposes.

Power And Ground Planes

This layer enhances the performance of the 1W LED PCB and enables the distribution of ground and power across various components.

Also, they are available on the bottom, top, or internal components of the PCB.

When customizing 1W LED PCBs, ensure you provide the fabricators with all files that illustrate the planes in the design.

Silkscreen Layer Or Overlay

This layer offers text designators on the parts that are at the bottom and top part of the layer.

Also, you need to supply fabricators with additional files when manufacturing the bottom and top silkscreen layers.

Silkscreen layers are optional if you plan not to include texts on the PCB.

However, the texts are vital when you are debugging 1W LED PCBs in laboratories.

For instance, locating R1 text assists you in finding the potential of single terminals of the R1 resistor.

When you have no texts, you need to refer to the original design.

Also, you can print blank boxes which enable one to revise and place serial numbers with sharpies or through stamping.

Split Planes

You can modify power and ground planes to have many copper sections with varying potentials.

Besides, they will enhance the convenience of the planes.

For example, the split plane can allow the board to pass several voltages on varying sections of the board.

Solder Paste Layer

This is the layer that you will use to mount surface components on the printed circuit board.

The solder paste layer is important when you plan to mount several components on the board.

The solder paste enables the solder to flow effectively when sticking the parts on the PCB.

Solder Mask Layer

This is a thin layer that offers protection to the top and bottom parts of the PCB.

Also, it prevents shorting of the traces when the PCB has debris.

What Quality Standards Should 1W LED PCB Comply With?

It is important for 1W LED PCBs to comply with quality standards set by international, national, and regional organizations.

Besides, the standards ensure the 1W LED PCB is effective and safe for use.

Some of these quality standards include:

  • UL certification
  • Restriction of Hazardous Substance [RoHS]
  • CE mark of quality
  • IATF16949
  • ISO 9001:2008 certification

What Materials Will You Use To Make A 1W LED PCB?

Various materials make up a 1W LED PCB, and they include the following:

Epoxies

This is a cheap and relatively durable substrate vital for making 1W LED PCB.

Some printed circuit boards will use epoxies and not the materials listed below.

Besides, these printed circuit boards are thermally sensitive, hence lose their lamination easily.

Silkscreen

This component material has numbers and letters thus enable technology programmers to read the PCBs.

Metal Core

This material component is vital for several applications and useful in transferring heat.

Besides, the base of the 1W LED PCB may contain metal cores such as laminate, aluminum, or copper.

Metal cores enhance the insulation and thermal conductivity of 1W LED PCBs.

LED

Light-emitting diodes are semiconductors that emit light when an electric current passes through them.

Substrate

The main substrate is the FR4 and stands for Fire Retardant.

It functions by providing a foundational layer for the PCB, in varying thickness levels.

Besides, substrates enable the 1W LED PCB to be rigid, or flexible.

Also, you can select other materials that meet the specifications of the 1W LED PCB application such as:

  • Isola
  • Nelco
  • Venetc
  • Taconic
  • Teflon
  • Rogers
  • Arlon
  • Bergquist

What Factors Influence The Price Of A 1W LED PCB?

1W LED PCBs come in a wide price range which depends on the following factors:

Number Of Parts

The price of a 1W LED PCB relies on the number of components on the printed circuit board.

Besides the manufacturing process, you need to purchase these parts separately.

Type Of Assembly

The price of a 1W LED PCB can be high or low depending on the assembly type.

For example, surface mount 1W LED PCBs will cost less as the parts are on the surface enabling the manufacturing process to be quick.

Through-hole soldering is costly yet the parts are sturdier than those in surface mount devices.

Quantity Of 1W LED PCB

The amount of 1W LED PCBs you purchase at one time will influence the price.

For instance, some manufacturers offer huge discounts when you purchase in bulk than in small quantities.

Component Placement

The way you place the parts on the printed circuit board determines its price.

Therefore, evaluate how you want to place the components as surface mount 1W LED PCBs will cost less.

Customization

The price of 1W LED PCBs will rise if you require special components than when you select standard 1W LED PCBs.

Coating, potting, the number of layers, and the materials will determine the cost of the 1W LED PCB.

Package Size Of The Parts

When you decide to purchase standard industry-size package parts, you will spend less than when customizing.

Also, you require certain methodologies to attach these components.

The price will skyrocket if you choose delicate and sophisticated components.

How Do You Manufacture A 1W LED PCB?

1W LED PCB

1W LED PCB

The following steps illustrate how you will manufacture 1W LED PCBs:

Preparation Of Materials

Start by preparing the parts and printed circuit board ensuring there are no damages.

The printed circuit board is usually flat with copper pads known as solder pads as they have no holes.

Preparation Of Stencils

Stencils provide fixed positions enabling you to perform solder paste printing.

The position of the design and the printed circuit board facilitate the production process.

Solder Paste Printing

Here, use the solder paste to connect the solder pads and 1W LED components to the PCB.

Placement Of Parts

The pick-and-place equipment with the assistance of conveyor belts will place the electronic parts on the PCB.

Reflow Soldering

The PCB moves to the reflow soldering oven once you place the electrical components on the board.

Besides, the pre-heat area within the oven will gradually increase the temperature of the PCB and the components.

The soak zone area within the oven maintains the temperature for some seconds.

Also, the reflow area melts tin in solder paste and facilitates bonding on the printed circuit board.

Then you will cool the solder to prevent defects from occurring in the joints.

Quality Inspection

Here, ensure all parts are in place, then repair and clean the 1W LED PCB before storing.

What Are The Chemical Properties Of A 1W LED PCB?

These include:

Methylene Chloride Resistance [MCR]

This is the ability of 1W LED PCBs to resist chemicals which measures the resistance of dielectrics to methylene chloride absorption.

Dielectrics have methylene chloride resistance of between 0.01% and 0.20%.

Moisture Absorption

This is the capacity of dielectric materials to resist being submerged in liquids.

Most 1W LED PCB materials have moisture absorption rates between 0.01% and 0.20%.

The moisture absorption of the material influences thermal and electrical properties.

Flammability Specs [UL94]

The Standard for Safety of Flammability of Plastic Materials for Parts in Devices and Appliances [UL94] rates flame-retardant traits of plastics.

This standard requires materials not to burn for over 10 seconds with flaming combustion.

With flaming combustion, five sets of specimens should not burn for more than 50 seconds.

What Are The Electrical Properties Of A 1W LED PCB

These include:

Relative Permittivity/ Dielectric Constant [Dk/Er]

Signal integrity and impedance determine the electrical performance of dielectric materials.

PCB materials have a dielectric constant or relative permittivity between 3.5 and 5.5

Dissipation Factor/ Dielectric Loss Tangent ]Tan δ or Df]

When the loss tangent is low, 1W LED PCB materials lose less power.

Tan δ of PCB materials is between 0.02 and 0.001.

Volume Resistivity [ρ]

This is the ability of dielectric materials to resist electricity or insulation.

Surface Resistivity [ρS]

This is the surface resistance of dielectric materials against electricity and insulation.

Electrical Strength

This is the capacity of the PCB to resist electrical breakdown in the Z direction.

What Are The Thermal Properties Of A 1W LED PCB

These include:

Glass Transition Temperature [Tg]

This is the capacity of 1W LED PCB to soften when you expose it to temperatures above a specific threshold.

Coefficient Of Thermal Expansion [CTE]

This is the 1W LED PCB expansion rate since a temperature that surpasses Tg increases the material’s CTE.

Decomposition Temperature [Td]

This is the capacity of 1W LED PCBs to decompose when you expose them to temperatures beyond a specific limit.

Thermal Conductivity [k]

This is the heat-conductive traits of a 1W LED PCB as it determines heat transfer.

What Should You Consider When Selecting The Best Substrates And Foil Application For High-Frequency 1W LED PCB?

These include:

  • Tight substrate weave
  • Matching dielectric constants
  • Not using FR-4
  • Using conductive foils
  • Using smooth foils
  • Matching Coefficient of Thermal Expansion [CTE]

What Types Of 1W LED PCBs Exist In The Market Today?

Single-Sided 1W LED PCB

This circuit board has one layer of the substrate.

Double-Sided 1W LED PCBs

This circuit board has conductive metal layers on the substrates of both sides.

Multilayer 1W LED PCBs

This printed circuit board has more than two layers of copper.

Rigid 1W LED PCB

This circuit board has fabricated base material which cannot bend.

Flex 1W LED PCB

This circuit board has a flexible base material that can bend.

Rigid-Flex 1W LED PCBs

This circuit board has both flexible and rigid base materials.

What Are The Assembly Methods For 1W LED PCBs?

These include:

Surface-mount Assembly

Here, you will mount the parts directly on the surface of the PCB.

The process entails placing solder paste on the PCB, then placing the parts via pick-and-place devices.

Also, it heats the board to form solder joints and inspects to ensure it operates correctly.

This method is suitable for small devices that need complex circuitry.

Thru-hole Assembly

Here, you will drill holes on the PCB, then run leads through these holes.

Afterward, you apply solder to hold these pieces in place.

This process offers durable and stronger connections and is suitable for 1W LED PCBs that will experience extreme environments.

What Are The Benefits of 1W LED PCBs?

Low Power Consumption

1W LED PCBs use 75% less energy than other bulbs such as incandescent.

High Efficiency

1W LED PCBs produce less heat hence are highly efficient than incandescent bulbs that convert 90% of the energy as heat.

Longevity

1W LED PCBs can operate for up to 100000 hours which is way higher than incandescent bulbs.

This feature enables you lower costs due to fewer replacements.

Low Costs

Since 1W LED PCBs are durable and energy-efficient, you will spend less money to purchase or replace them.

Small Size

1W LED PCBs are small and can operate in small devices such as smartphones.

Environmental Friendliness

1W LED PCBs use less energy hence lower emissions and also last long thus reduce waste.

Mercury-free

1W LED PCBs contain no mercury making them safe and environmentally friendly.

Radiofrequency Free

1W LED PCBs will not produce radiofrequency during operation hence will not cause interference with other electronic devices.

What Are The Challenges Of 1W LED PCB Assembly?

Since these lights produce heat, you need to manage that by including heatsinks that will dissipate heat.

Having heatsinks or metallic board substrates ensures good performance, durability, and reliability of the 1W LED PCB.

What Should You Address When Manufacturing Flexible 1W LED PCBs?

These include:

  • Flexibility and bendability
  • Understand the materials you will use
  • Address flex trace routing
  • Protect flexible layers
  • Secure the Vias
  • Shielding options for RF and EMI

How Can You Test 1W LED PCBs?

Testing of 1W LED PCBs can happen through the following methods:

Visual Testing

Ensure you use experts to perform this kind of testing as it is fairly simple.

X-ray Inspection

Use this method to inspect the internal parts where other testing methods are not sufficient.

In-circuit Testing

This entails inspecting positions and fitments of every part mounted on the 1W LED PCB.

Functional Testing

This test entails ensuring that the 1W LED PCB works when you power it on.

Automated Optical Inspection [AOI]

This method uses an in-built design.

It will compare this design to the design of the manufactured 1W LED PCB to locate flaws.

At Venture Electronics, we have a range of PCB designs, depending on your unique requirements.

Contact us now for all your 1W LED PCBs.

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